Close Charles Robert Darwin, FRS (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist.
He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and proposed the scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.
Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.
Close Franklin Delano Roosevelt; January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), commonly known by his initials, FDR, 32nd President of the United States (1933–1945), served for 12 years and four terms until his death in 1945, the only president ever to do so, and a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war.
Sometimes called "The Virgin Queen", "Gloriana" or "Good Queen Bess", Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty.
He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon".Reared in a poor family on the western frontier, Lincoln was self-educated, and became a country lawyer, a Whig Party leader, Illinois state legislator during the 1830s, and a one-term member of the United States House of Representatives during the 1840s.Close Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela born 18 July 1918 is a South African politician who was the President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, the first ever to be elected in a fully representative and multi-racial election.Robinson broke the baseball color line when the Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947.As the first major league team to play a black man since the 1880s, the Dodgers ended racial segregation that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues for six decades.