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However, the terms 'parsimony' and 'simplicity' are used virtually interchangeably in much of the philosophical literature. Oxford, Blackwell Publishers, simplicity, parsimony p.46 1-462. In Christianity, divine simplicity does not deny that the attributes of God are distinguishable; so that it is not a contradiction of the doctrine to say, for example, that God is both just and merciful.Philosophical interest in these two notions of simplicity may be organized around answers to three basic questions; (i) How is simplicity to be defined? • Maeda, J., (2006) Laws of Simplicity, MIT Press • Newton-Smith, W. In light of this idea, Thomas Aquinas for whose system of thought the idea of divine simplicity is important, wrote in Summa Theologiae that because God is infinitely simple, he can only appear to the finite mind as though he were infinitely complex.It is a property, condition, or quality which things can be judged to have.It usually relates to the burden which a thing puts on someone trying to explain or understand it.

The philosophical issues surrounding the notion of simplicity are numerous and somewhat tangled. In other words, such characteristics as omnipresence, goodness, truth, eternity, etc.

However, it is perhaps best known by the name 'Occam's (or Ockham's) Razor.' Simplicity principles have been proposed in various forms by theologians, philosophers, and scientists, from ancient through medieval to modern times. 150].] Moving to the medieval period, Aquinas writes • If a thing can be done adequately by means of one, it is superfluous to do it by means of several; for we observe that nature does not employ two instruments where one suffices (Aquinas 1945, p. Kant — in the Critique of Pure Reason — supports the maxim that "rudiments or principles must not be unnecessarily multiplied (entia praeter necessitatem non esse multiplicanda)" and argues that this is a regulative idea of pure reason which underlies scientists' theorizing about nature (Kant 1950, pp. Both Galileo and Newton accepted Simplicity versions of Occam's Razor.

Thus Aristotle writes in his Posterior Analytics, • We may assume the superiority ceteris paribus of the demonstration which derives from fewer postulates or hypotheses. Indeed Newton includes a principle of parsimony as one of his three 'Rules of Reasoning in Philosophy' at the beginning of Book III of Principia Mathematica.

The topic has been studied in piecemeal fashion by scientists, philosophers, and statisticians. are identical to his being, not qualities that make up his being.

The apparent familiarity of the notion of simplicity means that it is often left unanalyzed, while its vagueness and multiplicity of meanings contributes to the challenge of pinning the notion down precisely. • Richmond, Samuel A.(1996)"A Simplification of the Theory of Simplicity", Synthese 107 373-393. In Christian thought In Christian thought, God as a simple being is not divisible; God is simple, not composite, not made up of thing upon thing.

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