metalworking: the two leading shapes, the sauceboat and the high-spouted jug, both have metal prototypes.Painted ornament is rare before the final stage (Early Helladic III, or EH III); in the central phase (EH II), the surface is coated with a dark pigment formed from a solution of the clay.By the time of MM II the use of the fast wheel had become general, imparting a new crispness to the profiles.Among the commonest shapes are carinated cups (often of eggshell thinness), small, round jars with bridge-spouts, and large storage jars (pithoi).
There is comparatively little variation until the 26th dynasty () showing signs of Greek influence.
Over a dark lustrous ground the ornament is added in red and white, the carefully composed designs striking a subtle balance between curvilinear abstract patterns and stylized motifs derived from plant and marine life.
The decoration sometimes takes the form of appliqué molded ornament or barbotine (made of slip) knobs.
The so-called faience of Egypt is an unfired ware and thus, strictly speaking, falls outside the definition of pottery used in this article.
As early as the 1st dynasty, figures, vases, and tiles of this material were covered with a fired glaze that was coloured turquoise and green with copper oxide.