Just as the Chinese government had expected, the number of internet users in China soared from nearly 0 percent in 1994, when the Internet was first introduced to the society, to 28.8 percent in 2009.
It was formally announced on 1 February 1996, and updated again on .
The central government of China started its Internet censorship with three regulations.
The first regulation was called the Temporary Regulation for the Management of Computer Information Network International Connection.
such measures have attracted the derisive nickname "The Great Firewall of China." Amnesty International notes that China "has the largest recorded number of imprisoned journalists and cyber-dissidents in the world," The offences of which they are accused include communicating with groups abroad, signing online petitions, and calling for reform and an end to corruption.
The escalation of the government's effort to neutralize critical online opinion and organizing comes after a series of large, anti-pollution, anti-corruption protests, and ethnic riots, many of which were organized or publicized using instant messaging services, chat rooms, and text messages.